Published on

November 24, 2023

Artificial Intelligence

AI Use Cases in Life Sciences: Groundbreaking Innovations

Are you ready to explore the ai use cases in life sciences? The article showcases real examples and the potential future of the field.
Julia Dunlea
VP of Marketing
Artificial Intelligence

The impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on the life sciences industry is undeniable. With the advent of artificial intelligence, drug discovery and development are being expedited, clinical trials are becoming more efficient, and personalized medicine is turning into a common practice.

This is not a distant future; it’s happening now, with AI-driven technologies revolutionizing various aspects of life sciences. Are you ready to explore the ai use cases in life sciences? Join us as we delve into the transformative power of AI in life sciences.

Key Takeaways

  • AI-driven applications are revolutionizing the life sciences industry, from drug discovery and development to personalized medicine.
  • Ethical considerations and regulatory compliance must be addressed in order for AI technologies to maintain trust with patients and healthcare providers.
  • Real world examples of AI success have been demonstrated through initiatives such as accelerated drug discovery, clinical trial matching systems, disease prediction technology, decentralized clinical trials & improved patient outcomes.
  • Akkio is leading the way in no-code AI for life sciences, and provides a tool all companies, regardless of size, can use to upscale their team results.

AI-Driven Drug Discovery and Development

Modern lab as imagined by Midjourney

The potential of AI to revolutionize drug discovery and development in the life sciences industry is immense. AI algorithms can analyse large amounts of data quickly from sources such as genomics and proteomics. This allows for the identification of potential drug candidates, saving time on target validation. The result? A significant decrease in the time taken to develop new drugs, potentially saving millions of dollars and countless lives.

Traditionally, drug discovery is a process that consumes significant time and resources. However, with AI’s capabilities, life sciences companies can now analyze large data sets and generate novel molecules.

This efficiency extends to drug development, where AI demonstrates a notable decrease in cycle times and costs, as well as an enhancement in the results of clinical development. According to Grand View Research Inc., the global AI in drug discovery market is expected to grow exponentially, reaching $3.5 billion by 2027.

Novel molecule generation

In drug discovery, generative AI models are pivotal as they design molecules resembling drugs. Companies like NVIDIA have introduced generative AI cloud services to expedite research in genomics and molecular dynamics, as well as the development of new therapeutics and proteins.

Peptilogics’ Nautilus platform utilizes generative AI for a variety of use cases:

These advancements streamline the drug discovery process and contribute to the growth of the life sciences market.

Protein sequence design

Beyond revolutionizing drug discovery, AI also enhances protein engineering, enzyme design, and therapeutics. By generating novel protein sequences with specific functionalities or characteristics, AI can facilitate protein engineering and the production of novel treatments.

Evozyne has created an AI model with NVIDIA for novel protein design, known as the Protein Transformer Variational AutoEncoder (ProT-VAE), which is built on NVIDIA BioNeMo, a framework for efficiently training and deploying deep learning models

Synthetic gene design

AI’s influence permeates even further into synthetic gene design, finding applications in synthetic biology and biomanufacturing. The Intelligent Architecture platform developed by Biomatter combines artificial intelligence ai and physical modeling to design synthetic gene sequences.

ProteinGAN, a GPU-powered algorithm by Biomatter, plays a crucial role in creating synthetic genes. AI’s ability to design synthetic gene sequences holds immense promise in advancing life sciences research and applications.

AI-Powered Clinical Trials

A scientist analyzing data from a clinical trial - visualized by AI
Realistic doctor researching drugs by AI

Automating patient recruitment, data extraction, and trial optimization is among the significant advancements in AI-powered clinical trials. This not only improves efficiency but also minimizes costs, ultimately benefiting patients and the life sciences industry as a whole. AI holds the power of:

  • Identifying patient populations that may benefit from a novel drug
  • Continuously monitoring patients in real-time
  • Detecting any unfavorable events or dilemmas that could affect trial outcomes

Life sciences companies can hasten the process of introducing new drugs to the market by utilizing AI in clinical trials, optimizing the life sciences value chain. Pfizer is making use of machine learning algorithms to identify relevant patient populations for their clinical trials. This same technology is also being utilized to monitor the health of these same patients during the trial period. The result is a notable decrease in cycle times and costs, as well as an enhancement in the results of clinical development.

Automated patient recruitment

The use of AI to automate patient recruitment in clinical trials can notably speed up the process and boost trial enrollment. Deep Learning and Optical Character Recognition (OCR) can be employed to analyze textual data from medical records, leveraging past trials and candidates, and generating qualifying questions through chatbots.

By automating patient recruitment, AI not only helps decrease the time and cost associated with the process but also minimizes the risk of bias in patient selection.

Data extraction and analysis

The utilization of AI in clinical trials extends to data extraction and analysis, thereby decreasing the workload and speeding up investigations. Some of the advantages of incorporating AI in clinical trials encompass:

  • Data extraction from free-text clinical trial notes using Natural Language Processing (NLP)
  • Improved patient safety
  • Reduced workload for clinical trial staff by automating the data extraction process

AI-driven data extraction and analysis can provide valuable insights, which can be utilized to enhance patient care and outcomes.

Trial optimization

By identifying suitable patient populations and monitoring patients’ health, AI enhances clinical trials. This ensures that resources are allocated to the most critical cases, improving patient care and reducing costs.

AI allows for early identification of potential problems, enabling more efficient resource allocation and better patient outcomes.

Personalized Medicine and Precision Healthcare

personalized medicine thanks to genetic data, visualized by AI as a set of pills on a table
Pills on a table by Midjourney

In the life sciences industry, personalized medicine and precision healthcare are gaining importance, employing AI to analyze genetic data, forecast disease progression, and spot biomarkers for customized treatment plans. This approach not only improves patient outcomes but also reduces costs and adverse reactions associated with traditional medicine.

AI-driven personalized medicine has the potential to significantly impact the healthcare landscape by providing more accurate diagnoses, improved treatments, and enhanced patient outcomes. By analyzing large datasets of patient data, AI can identify patterns and trends that can help medical professionals make informed decisions on treatment options and personalized care plans.

Genetic data analysis

To create personalized medicine, AI scrutinizes genetic data, thereby considerably cutting down costs and adverse reactions. By effectively identifying genetic mutations associated with diseases and potential drug targets, AI can expedite the interpretation of genomic data for personalized medicine.

This data-driven approach promises to improve healthcare by providing patients with customized treatment plans that cater to their unique genetic makeup and medical history.

Disease progression prediction

Based on medical history, genetics, and lifestyle, AI forecasts disease progression and the effectiveness of treatments, as well as aids in disease diagnosis. This ability to accurately predict outcomes enables healthcare providers to identify patients at risk of severe disease, facilitate targeted outreach, and support precision medicine approaches.

Biomarker identification

AI identifies biomarkers for diagnosis and personalized treatment plans through complex data pattern analysis. Foundation Medicine is an example of a company that has taken sophisticated genomic testing to the next level. They use it to examine the DNA of cancer patients and detect potential biomarkers which can be used to tailor treatment plans..

Biomarker identification is an essential application of AI in life sciences, as it can facilitate diagnosis and personalized treatment plans for patients.

AI Applications in Medical Imaging and Diagnostics

By facilitating early disease detection, image-to-image translation, and case prioritization, AI applications in medical imaging and diagnostics are transforming healthcare. These advancements not only improve patient outcomes and experiences but also have the potential to save lives by detecting life-threatening diseases at their earliest stages.

By evaluating medical images and detecting possible indications of diseases, AI algorithms can provide doctors with more accurate diagnoses and improve patient care. In addition, AI can be utilized in the diagnosis of other health conditions, including heart disease and diabetic retinopathy.

Early disease detection

In medical imaging, AI proves effective in:

  • Identifying early disease indicators
  • Enhancing diagnostic accuracy
  • Facilitating earlier treatment and improved outcomes
  • Bringing about cost-effectiveness and expedited diagnosis.

By harnessing the power of AI, healthcare providers can enhance accessibility to early detection and clinical management of various diseases.

Image-to-image translation

AI-driven image-to-image translation is a process that transforms a source image into a target image, enabling various applications such as transforming day images to night images or translating sketches into realistic images. AI models and techniques available for image translation include Pix2Pix, Unsupervised Image-to-Image Translation (UNIT), Palette, and Vision Transformers (ViT).

These advancements hold immense potential to change the way users experience and interact with their environment.

Prioritization of cases

AI prioritizes cases by leveraging data from medical images and patient records to identify the most critical cases and allocate resources accordingly. This not only improves patient care but also ensures that resources are allocated to the most urgent cases, reducing costs and enhancing efficiency.

Ethical Considerations and Regulatory Compliance in Life Sciences AI

Given AI’s ongoing reshaping of the life sciences industry, addressing the associated ethical considerations and regulatory compliance is paramount. This includes:

  • Privacy
  • Data security
  • Potential bias in AI algorithms
  • Ensuring compliance with existing regulations

AI-driven regulatory compliance involves employing AI technologies to automate and simplify the conformity to regulatory requirements. This includes the FDA’s regulatory framework for AI-based medical devices, which is centered around transparency, explainability, and validation of AI algorithms. By ensuring regulatory compliance, life sciences organizations can safely and effectively adopt AI technologies to revolutionize their operations and enhance patient care.

Data privacy and security

In life sciences AI applications, like patient data, robust measures are a necessity to protect sensitive data. Ensuring privacy and data security can be achieved through the implementation of regulations that establish standards for data collection, storage, and usage.

Encryption of data, secure storage of data, and access control can be implemented to protect sensitive information from unauthorized access or misuse.

Bias in AI algorithms

To ensure fair and accurate outcomes in life sciences applications, it’s essential to tackle bias in AI algorithms. Potential factors that could contribute to AI-driven bias include biased training data, prejudiced assumptions during algorithm development, and human decisions in data selection and application of algorithm results.

Utilizing data sets that are representative of the population, transparent and explainable algorithms, and fairness-aware machine learning, the life sciences industry can minimize the risk of biased outcomes.

Regulatory compliance

Regulatory compliance is essential for AI adoption in life sciences, with organizations like the FDA providing frameworks for AI-based medical devices. The FDA’s regulatory framework is centered around transparency, explainability, and validation of AI algorithms, ensuring that AI technologies are safe and effective for use in the life sciences industry.

Real-World Examples of AI Success in Life Sciences

a lab where scientists could work on a drug discovery process
Lab generated by AI

The immense potential of AI to transform various aspects of the industry is demonstrated by real-world examples of its success in life sciences. Some examples include:

  • Accelerated drug discovery for COVID-19
  • IBM Watson’s clinical trial matching
  • Oculomics’ disease prediction
  • Decentralized clinical trials by Curebase and BEKHealth

Using AI, the OSIC Data Repository provides practitioners with access to IPF data and diagnostic tools, improving patient outcomes and experiences. By leveraging AI to analyze and process images and clinical data, healthcare providers can offer more precise diagnoses and individualized treatment plans, ultimately leading to improved patient experiences and health outcomes.

COVID-19 accelerated drug discovery

In the accelerated drug discovery for COVID-19, AI played a vital part by employing machine learning algorithms to identify potential drug targets and analyze comprehensive datasets of existing drugs for potential treatments. Researchers at Oxford University and IBM have developed a generative AI model capable of designing novel molecules to block SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

IBM Watson's clinical trial matching

IBM Watson’s clinical trial matching system utilizes AI technology to identify potential matches between patients and clinical trials based on medical history and other relevant criteria.

This AI-driven approach led to an impressive 80% increase in breast cancer trial enrollment over 11 months, showcasing the power of AI to revolutionize patient recruitment and accelerate medical research.

Oculomics' disease prediction

Oculomics uses imaging and AI to predict disease and identify biomarkers, such as cardiovascular risk prediction. Oculomics, with the help of AI, analyses ocular data to predict the existence or likelihood of various eye diseases. This AI-driven approach aids in the early detection and clinical management of eye diseases. It also provides insights into the potential presence of other health conditions.

Curebase and BEKHealth's decentralized clinical trials

BEKHEALTH – Clinical Trial Recruitment Simplified

Curebase and BEKHealth collaborate to identify potential trial participants from untapped patient populations and standardize patient medical data through their decentralized clinical trials, ensuring the quality of clinical trial data.

Leveraging BEKHealth’s AI-powered patient-matching technology platform, this collaboration seeks to broaden access to decentralized clinical trials and improve patient outcomes and experiences.

The OSIC Data Repository's improved patient outcomes

The OSIC Data Repository leverages AI technology to create an open-source medical imaging and data repository, providing access to large datasets of medical images and data for the purpose of developing new treatments and therapies to improve patient outcomes.

The platform provides practitioners with access to IPF data and diagnostic tools, showcasing how AI can bring about a transformation in healthcare and elevate the standard of patient care.


AI has the potential to revolutionize the life sciences industry by accelerating drug discovery and development, optimizing clinical trials, and facilitating personalized medicine and precision healthcare.

Multiple real-world examples of AI success in life sciences demonstrate the immense potential of this technology to enhance patient outcomes, reduce costs, and expedite diagnosis and treatment. It's probably one of the most exciting use case for AI.

If you're intrigued by the potential of AI, why not experience it firsthand with Akkio? We provide a comprehensive platform for many AI use cases, including machine learning applications and autoML time series forecasting. Explore the transformative power of AI for your business case with our 14-day free trial. Give Akkio a try today!

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